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Table 2 Laparoscopic management of adnexal masses during pregnancy (1992–2003)

From: Laparoscopic management of adnexal masses with the open entry technique in second-trimester pregnancy

Author [reference no.] Year n Gestational age Complications (n) Conversion
Guerrieri et al. [27] 1994 1 ? None None
Howard and Vill [28] 1994 2 2nd trimester None None
Levy et al. [29] 1995 3 2nd trimester Pre-term labour (1) 1
Parker and Childers [4] 1996 12 9–17 weeks None None
Tazuke et al. [30] 1996 9 2nd trimester PROM at 31 weeks (1) ?
Neiswender and Toub [31] 1997 2 15–18 weeks None None
Morice et al. [32] 1997 6 6–13 weeks Recurrence torsion (1) None
Nezhat et al. [33] 1997 9 16 weeks None None
Yuen and Chang [34] 1997 16 13–15 weeks None None
Soriano et al. [9] 1999 39 1st trimester Congenital malformations (2) ?
First trimester miscarriages (5)  
Andreoli et al. [10] 1999 7 6–27 weeks Tocolytic agents for contractions (1) 2
Pre-term delivery 35 weeks (1)  
Moore and Smith [35] 1999 14 11–21 weeks Mild peritonitis (1) None
IUFD 31 weeks (1)  
Mattei [36] 1999 2 9–11 weeks None None
Bassil et al. [18] 1999 1 25 weeks Premature labour None
33-Week twins (1) None
Kim et al. [17] 2000 1 3rd trimester None None
Abu-Musa et al. [37] 2001 1 16 weeks None None
Stepp et al. [38] 2003 11 13–22 weeks Tocolysis for contractions (2) None
Mathevet et al. [5] 2003 47 6–33 weeks Second trimester miscarriage (1) 2
Tocolytic agents for contractions (3)  
Pre-term delivery 35–36 weeks (3)  
Gastroschisis (1)  
Oelsner et al. [7] 2003 192a ? Fever (3) ?
Asthma and vomiting (1)  
PPROM at 21 weeks (1)  
Threatened abortion 13 weeks (1)  
Pre-term delivery <35 weeks (5)  
Intra-uterine growth restriction (6)  
Abortions (15)  
Anomaly (6)  
Present study 2003 11 7–17 weeks IUFD 24 weeks (1) 2
  1. aMulticentre study, indications for surgery: adnexal mass, heterotopic pregnancy, appendicitis, cholecystitis and others