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Table 2 Possible prevention measurements of port-site metastases

From: Port-site metastasis after diagnostic laparoscopy for presumably benign ruptured ovarian cyst: disseminated intraperitoneal metastasis of a Krukenberg tumor

Sufficient technical preparation Adequate equipment and technique, experienced surgeon
Intraperitoneal agents Heparin, taurolidine, iodine, 5-fluorouracil, doxorubicin
Alternative insufflating strategies Helium, gasless laparoscopy
Peritoneal wound closure  
Retrieval bags for specimens