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Table 4 Ascites and cancer index of major lesion at the uterus, omentum and adominal wall incision of the operative groups. 103 ovarian cancer cells (0–342) dispersed in 1 ml MEM were injected into abdomin immediately after manipulation at uterine horn. Animals were killed at day 14 after operative procedure. Group 1: laparoscopy and coagulation/incision of right uterine horn; group 2: laparotomy and grapsing of right uterine horn; group 3: laparotomy and coagulation/incision of right uterine horn; group 4: laparotomy and ligation/resection of right uterine horn

From: Influence of surgical trauma on tumor establishment in a rat ovarian cancer model

Group Number of animals Number of animals with acsites Cancer index omentum (median) Cancer index abdominal wall incision (median) Cancer index left uterine horn (median) Cancer index right uterine horn (median)
1 8 0/8 0 2 0 0
2 5 2/5 1 4 0 0.2
3 7 7/7 1 4 0 2.5
4 5 5/5 1 4 0 3