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Table 3 Surgical staging in advanced cervical cancer: experience

From: Laparoscopic staging in advanced cervical cancer: the pros and cons of an oncological concept

Author [Reference]

Number of patients


Childers et al. [12]


Complete surgical staging including para-aortic lymphadenectomy prior to radiation therapy is feasible

Recio et al. [13]


Staging laparoscopy including para-aortic lymph node dissection prior to radiation therapy is associated with minimal morbidity and adds valuable information regarding treatment planning

Goff et al. [14]


Staging was performed retroperitoneally in 61 patients, laparoscopically in 18 patients, and by laparotomy in 7. Surgical staging resulted in modification of the standard pelvic radiation field for 43% of the patients

Chu et al. [15]


Laparoscopic pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy is an efficient and feasible pretreatment staging procedure

Vidaurreta et al. [16]


Out of 49 pelvic CT scans, 38 were reported to be normal but 18 of these 38 had positive nodes which were detected laparoscopically. In summary: feasible method

Querleu et al. [17]


Extraperitoneal endosurgical aortic and common iliac dissection: tool to identify lymph node positive patients requiring extended field radiation therapy

Hertel et al. [8]


Laparoscopic staging is accurate, associated with low morbidity and provides information for treatment adjustment

Vergote et al. [9]


Feasible method with low morbidity. 18% of patients without suspicion of para-aortic metastases on CT were found to have para-aortic metastases