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Table 1 Transvaginal ultrasound findings indicative of malignancy

From: Laparoscopic treatment of premenopausal patients with benign adnexal pathology

Ultrasound finding
Size of mass >10 cm
Bilaterality
Thick capsule
Thick septa (>3 mm)
No smooth outline of cyst
Solid components
Papillary excrescences on ovary
Ascites or hepatomegaly
Metastases
Doppler signal showing reduced pulsatility indexa
  1. aColor-flow Doppler was used to identify neovascularization inside ovarian cysts. This was observed in only one patient involved in this study