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Table 2 Entry details and findings

From: Laparoscopic entry—the experience of a range of gynaecological surgeons

  Number Percentage
Difficult laparoscopic entry 95/586 16.2
 >1 Veres needle insertion 80/557 14.3
 >1 primary trocar insertion 27/557 4.8
 Conversion closed to open entry 10/557 1.8
One or more non-confirmatory entry tests 118/557 21.2
Conversion to laparotomy 8/586 1.4
 Indication laparoscopic entry failure 2/586 0.3
 Indication entry complication 2/586 0.3
 Indication surgical technical difficulty 4/586 0.7
Anterior retroperitoneal gas or subcutaneous emphysema 34/580 5.9
Omental emphysema 55/580 9.5
Abdominopelvic adhesions 144/583 24.7
 Omental 80/144 55.5
 Bowel 71/144 49.3
 Midline 58/144 40.3