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Table 2 Questionnaire to test the face validity of the model and the exercise

From: A valid model for testing and training laparoscopic psychomotor skills

Questions Score of the total population (n = 192)
Face validity of the model for testing and training LPS
 Q1 Ability to test camera navigation (E1) 8.4 (7.6–9.1)
 Q2 Ability to train camera navigation (E1) 9.0 (8.0–9.8)
 Q3 Ability to test hands–eyes coordination (laparoscopic forceps handling with the DH) (E2) 8.6 (7.6–9.6)
 Q4 Ability to train hands–eyes coordination (laparoscopic forceps handling with the DH) (E2) 8.4 (7.0–9.5)
 Q5 Ability to test bimanual coordination (laparoscopic forceps handling with the DH and NDH simultaneously) (E3) 8.6 (7.7–9.7)
 Q6 Ability to train bimanual coordination (laparoscopic forceps handling with the DH and NDH simultaneously) (E3) 9.0 (7.9–9.8)
 Q7 Overall value of the model as a testing tool 8.8 (8.0–9.4)
 Q8 Overall value of the model as a training tool 9.0 (8.0–9.8)
Face validity of the model for actual laparoscopic surgery
 Q9 Relevance of the model for actual laparoscopic surgery 8.4 (7.2–9.3)
 Q10 Realism of the model to simulate the female pelvis 7.3 (5.3–9.0)
 Q11 Realism of the model to simulate the movements required to perform laparoscopic surgery in the pelvis 8.4 (7.0–9.5)
  1. Median (inter-quartile range) scores of a 10-cm VAS (0: not realistic/good/useful; 10: very realistic/good/useful) are presented