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Table 1 Endometrial factors impairing implantation

From: Laparoscopic surgery for endometriosis-associated infertility: a pathophysiologic approach

Factor Level of the factor Reference
TNF-α Increased Minci et al. [55]
αvβ3 integrin Decreased Lessey et al. [56]
e-NOS Increased Khorram et al. [57]
HOXA-10m-RNA Decreased Matsuzaki et al. [59]
Aromatase expression Increased Hugo et al. [60]
BSEP, C4BP,IL-15 genes Dysregulated Kao et al. [61]
EMX2 Increased Daftary et al. [62]
IL-11, LIF Decreased Dimitriadis et al. [63]