Retained term tubal ectopic pregnancy
© Springer-Verlag 2010
Received: 3 April 2010
Accepted: 9 June 2010
Published: 22 June 2010
Tubal ectopic pregnancy accounts for approximately 1% of all pregnancies. Term tubal pregnancy, however is extremely rare. Review of the literature revealed that at least over 12 cases of term tubal pregnancy have been reported. Most of them were published in the 1950s [1–11]. The most recent article on this subject was published in 2007 . We present a case of a tubal pregnancy with a macerated fetus inside.
Patient was a 32-year-old woman, G3P2, with an abdominal mass, and amenorrhea of 2-year duration. She lived in a rural area with no medical facility. Knowing about the upcoming visit of a consulting gynecologist (IAB), she and other potential patients gathered at the entrance of a hospital in Marwa City, Cameron to be selected by local nurses for examination. Physical examination revealed a hard abdominal mass filling almost the entire abdominal cavity. Due to the limited facilities, medical imaging was not available. At laparotomy, we found a macerated fetus in a hugely distended left fallopian tube. The uterus was normal and separated from the tube. The right tube and ovaries were normal. The fetus was delivered and a left salpingectomy was performed.
The only information that could be incorrect is the duration of pregnancy. She gave a history of amenorrhea of 2-year duration. This was obtained through two translators; one of them was a medical student. A recall bias is a possibility. Patient could not provide any information about the feeling of fetal movement.
The finding of a macerated fetus suggests that fetal death occurred long before her presentation to the hospital. In addition, she had never experience labor pain. One of the risks of retained fetal death is the occurrence of disseminated intravascular coagulation that can occur in 12.7% in cases . Despite living in a destitute place with limited medical facilities, our patient did not appear to experience any coagulation disorder.
Over three million stillbirths occur each year worldwide [14, 15] If the rate of stillbirths in the US is 6.2 of 1,000 total births , the rates in developing countries are much higher; for example the still birth rate in Congo is 30 of 1,000 births [17, 18] Our patient had had a macerated fetus inside the fallopian tube.
Our case report suggests that although extremely rare, term tubal pregnancy can still be encountered in a place with limited medical facilities.
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