Dense adhesions between the uterus and anterior abdominal wall: a unique complication of Cesarean delivery
© Springer-Verlag 2010
Received: 2 September 2010
Accepted: 27 September 2010
Published: 22 October 2010
In the past decade, the rates of Cesarean delivery have continued to rise, reaching 30.3% in 2005—the highest level reported in the US. This level marks a 46% increase from 1996, when the Cesarean delivery rate was 20.7% . Similar to other abdominal operations, Cesarean delivery is associated with intra-abdominal adhesions. However, in contrast to other abdominal operations, the impact of post-Cesarean adhesions and prevention of their formation have not been widely studied. These adhesions can cause a difficulty entering the abdominal cavity at subsequent surgery leading to longer time to deliver the baby at repeat Cesarean, and increased risk of bowel and bladder injury [2–6]. Other possible effects of intra-abdominal adhesions include abdominal pain and bowel obstruction .
In attempts to decrease adhesion formation, several authors have evaluated different surgical techniques. For example, Blumenfeld et al.  reported that single layer closure of the hysterotomy incision was associated with more bladder adhesions at the time of repeat Cesarean than double layer closure. There is also evidence that that non-closure of the peritoneum after Cesarean section is associated with more adhesion formation compared to closure . Unfortunately, there are very few studies that have looked at adhesions after Cesarean delivery in the literature. Most studies evaluating post-surgical adhesion formation rely on second-look laparoscopy. However, the inconvenience of a second-look procedure especially in postpartum women contributes to the paucity of information on post-Cesarean adhesions.
Conflict of interest
Prof. Togas Tulanda received a research grant from Ethicon Inc.
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