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Table 1 Results of women managed with MVA-LA in an outpatient setting for early miscarriage, n = 131 (n percentage)

From: Manual vacuum aspiration under local anaesthetic for early miscarriage: 2 years experience in a university teaching hospital in UK

Indication for MVA
 Missed miscarriage 112 (85 %)
 Incomplete miscarriage 19 (15 %)
Mean gestation age by USS (weeks)
 <9 91 (70 %)
 9–12 33 (25 %)
 >12 7 (5 %)
Intra-operative analgesia (some patients required multiple analgesics)
 Cervical block LA 114 (87 %)
 None 21 (16 %)
 Morphine 12 (9 %)
 Entonox® 6 (5 %)
Cervical dilatation required
 Yes 72 (55 %)
 No 55 (42 %)
 Not recorded 4 (3 %)
Intra-operative complications
 None 126 (96 %)
 Uterine perforation (suspected) 1 (1 %)
 Severe haemorrhage 0 (0 %)
 Cervical injury 2 (2 %)
 Vasovagal 2 (2 %)
Post-operative analgesia (some patients required multiple drugs)
 Diclofenac and paracetamol 107 (82 %)
 Codeine 4 (3 %)
 Morphine/pethidine 8 (6 %)
 Entonox® 18 (14 %)
 None 10 (8 %)
Post-operative complications
 None reported 129 (98 %)
 RPOC 1 (1 %)
 USS to confirm complete evacuation 1 (1 %)
  1. MVA-LA manual vacuum aspiration under local anaesthesia, USS ultrasound scan, RPOC retained products of conception