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Table 4 Preoperative assessment

From: Systematic review of the outcome associated with the different surgical treatment of bowel and rectovaginal endometriosis

Preoperative assessment
Clinical examination and TV scan [20]
Not described [21]
Clinical examination and TV scan [22]
Laparoscopy 60 %, EUA 70 %, colonoscopy 13 % [barium enema, TV scan, and endorectal ultrasound], rarely used [23]
Clinical examination, proctosigmoidoscopy [24]
All women underwent both MRI and endorectal ultrasound [25]
Clinical examination, TV scan, rectal endoscopy [26]
Clinical examination, barium enema [27]
Clinical examination, TVS, TRUS, barium enema, and MRI [28]
Clinical examination, MRI, rectal US, CT scan (if indicated) [29]
MRI, endorectal ultrasound [30]
Not mentioned [31]
Clinical examination and endorectal ultrasound [32]
Staging laparoscopy and rectal examination [33]
Not mentioned [34]
Clinical examination, TV scans [35]
Ultrasound and laparoscopy and then referred if bowel endometriosis has been diagnosed [36]
Clinical examination, TV scan and endorectal ultrasound, MRI, and colonoscopy [37]
Clinical examination, TV scans, MRI, endorectal ultrasound [38]
Initial diagnostic laparoscopy, MRI, TV scan [39]
Clinical examination, TV scan, endorectal ultrasound, double contrast barium enema [40]
Clinical examination, TV scan, barium enema with double contrast, IVP [41]
Clinical examination, CA125, TV scan, endorectal ultrasound, MRI, and double contrast barium meal [42]
All patients were referred with a diagnosis of bowel endometriosis by previous laparoscopy [43]
Clinical examination, barium enema, and sigmoidoscopy [44]
Clinical examination, TV scan+/−MRI, colonoscopy [45]
Clinical examination, barium studies, MRI, CT or endoscopic evaluation. A questionnaire (visual analogue) used before or after surgery [46]
Laparoscopy in all the cases [47]
Clinical examination, TV scan, MRI [detect 80.8 %], colonoscopy [detect 43.2 %], and endorectal ultrasound [48]
Clinical examination, TV scan and endorectal ultrasound, MRI, and double contrast barium enema [49]
Clinical examination, selective MRI, and barium enema. Some referred after initial laparoscopy [50]
Clinical examination, TV scan, double contrast barium enema, visual analogue [51]
Not described [52]
Clinical examination, all of them had at least one laparoscopy before [53]
Clinical examination, radiological (not specified), laparoscopy [54]
Preoperative laparoscopy in the majority, colonoscopy performed on an individual basis [55]
  1. MRI magnetic resonance imaging, TV transvaginal, EUA examination under anaethesia, TRUS transrectal ultrasound, US ultrasound