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Table 4 Number and types of short-term complications and co-morbidity factors in 116 patients with completed TLH + BSO or conversion to laparotomy

From: Is pre-operative risk-assessment in laparoscopic treatment of presumed low-risk endometrial cancer effective?

  Overall n = 116 TLH n = 100 Conversion n = 16 P value
Co-morbidity factors (%)
 Obese (BMI > 30) 53 42 (42.0) 11 (68.8) 0.049
 Hypertension 55 45 (45.0) 10 (62.5) 0.207
 Diabetes 18 13 (13.0) 5 (31.3) 0.058
 Previous abdominal surgery 37 31 (31.0) 6 (37.5) 0.586
Perioperative complication rates (%)
 Patients with major complications 9 (7.8) 5 (5.0) 4 (25.0) 0.022
 Type of major complications 14 9 5  
 Bowel injury 1 (0.9) 1 (1.0) 0  
 Bladder injury 2 (1.7) 1 (1.0) 1 (6.3)  
 Infection 3 (2.6) 2 (2.0) 1 (6.3)  
 Ileus 2 (1.7) 1 (1.0) 1 (6.3)  
 Hemorrhage* 3 (2.6) 1 (1.0) 2 (12.5)  
 Hematoma* 3 (2.6) 3 (3.0) 0  
Patients with minor complications (%)
 Type of minor complications 14 (12.1) 6 (6.0) 8 (50.0) 0.001
 Urinary tract infection, fever <38 3 (2.6) 1 (1.0) 2 (12.5)  
 Urinary retention needing catheter 1 (0.9) 1 (1.0) 0 (0)  
Fever <38 2 (1.7) 0 (0) 2 (12.5)  
Hemorrhage/hematoma without transfusion 7 (6.0) 4 (4.0) 3 (18.8)  
Wound dehiscence without intervention 1 (0.9) 0 (0) 1 (6.3)  
  1. BMI body mass index
  2. *requiring intervention