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Table 1 Patients’ characteristics

From: Comparison of laparoscopy-assisted vaginal hysterectomy as endoscopic single-station surgery and conventional laparoscopic hysterectomy—surgical effects on safety and quality of life

  Total LESS cLS p value
Number of patients, n 60 29 31  
Age at surgery, median (years), range 45.0 (24.0–62.0) 45.0 (24.0–62.0) 46.5 (30.0–55.0) 0.728
BMI, median (kg/m2), range 24.5 (17.2–49.0) 24.4 (21.0–31.1) 24.7 (17.2–49.0) 0.554
Prior abdominal surgery, median (n), range 34 (56.7) 16 (55.2) 18 (58.1) 0.821
 Laparoscopy 23 (38.3) 10 (34.5) 13 (41.9) 0.553
 Laparotomy 19 (31.7) 9 (31.0) 10 (32.3) 0.919
Indication for surgery
 Atypical hyperplasia, n (%) 7 (11.7) 2 (6.9) 5 (16.1)  
 Hypermenorrhea, n (%) 37 (61.7) 21 (72.4) 16 (51.6)  
 Dysmenorrhea, n (%) 9 (15.0) 2 (6.9) 7 (22.6)  
 Postmenopausal bleeding, n (%) 2 (3.3) 2 (6.9) 0  
 Not available, n (%) 5 (8.3) 2 (6.9) 3 (9.7)  
Surgical outcome
 Operative time, mean (min) 70.7 73.6 68.2 0.409
 Blood loss, mean (ml) 0 106.7 105.0 0.915
 Intraoperative complications, n (%) 0 0 0
 Conversion rate, n (%) 0 0 0
Postoperative outcome
 Postoperative complications, n (%) 2 (3.3) 1 (3.4) 1 (3.1) 0.944
 Wound infection, n (%) 2 (3.3) 1 (3.4) 1 (3.1) 0.944
 Blood transfusion, n (%) 1 (1.6) 0 1 (3.1) 0.337
NRS–pain score, mean
 24-h postoperative   4.89 5.84 0.006
 At day 3   3.36 3.55 0.667
 At day 5   1.96 2.33 0.356
 At day 7   1.85 1.38 0.411
 2-month postoperative   0.43 0.11 0.154
 Required pain medication at time of discharge, n (%) 11 (18.6) 6 (21.4) 5 (16.1) 0.602
Hospital stay, median (days), range   4 (2–13) 3 (2–10) 0.551