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Table 4 Factors related to nerve injury during gynecologic surgery (patient’s characteristics, surgical procedure, surgeon’s activity)

From: Femoral nerve injury in gynecologic surgery: medico-legal issues for best surgical practices

Patient’s characteristics Surgical procedure Surgeon’s activity
Age > 60 years
BMI <  20
Major surgical procedure
(hysterectomy, radical hysterectomy, hysterectomy with bilateral salpingectomy, etc.)
Side of surgical incision
Narrow pelvis Kind of procedure
(laparoscopic/laparotomic surgery)
Type, placement, time, and maximal traction of retractors
Smoking/alcohol Patient position on the surgical table Intraoperative bleedings
Diabetes Time of procedure (> 120 min) Surgical dissection and operative procedure
Endometriosis   Abdominal wall and fascial wound closure
Pre-existing neuropathies Use of retractors or self-retaining retractors